Popularly thought of a multiple personality disorder, schizophrenia with paranoia is a form of the condition in which paranoia is a main symptom. The neuropsychiatric disorder, which is thought to affect approximately 1% of the population, affects how patients interpret reality.
This can lead to feelings of anger, frustration, or distress, and it can make it difficult for patients to focus on tasks, to communicate, and to sleep. The confusion and fear experienced by patients also can affect their interpersonal relationships. However, with proper diagnosis, treatment, and care, the disorder can be managed effectively.
Symptoms To Know
Among the common symptoms of schizophrenia that usually manifest between the ages of 16 and 30 are:
- Increasingly poor hygiene
- Sleep pattern changes
- Increasing social withdrawal
- Decreased libido
- Slowed movement
What Causes Schizophrenia?
Medical science has yet to determine the cause of schizophrenia with paranoia. However, research suggests that various factors, some of which may be genetic, can trigger it.
As far as the genetic link is concerned, if either parent has the disorder, there is a 10% chance that their children will develop it as well. If there is no family history of it, there is less than a 1% chance of developing the disorder.
Other factors that may play a role in the onset of schizophrenia with paranoia include dopamine and serotonin imbalances, viral infections during pregnancy, and foetal malnutrition. Abuse, trauma, drug abuse, and intense stress are other possible factors. The inclusion of stress in the list is a good reminder of why entertaining and relaxing activities such as playing online Bingo NZ is important.
Diagnosing the Disorder
Those who suspect they may have schizophrenia should resist the urge to self-diagnose. Diagnosis should be done only by a trained professional medic, who will begin by asking questions about the patients’ family and medical history.
Diagnosis will also include a physical exam and blood tests to determine whether the symptoms perhaps are being caused by alcohol, drugs, or a dysfunctional thyroid.
Treating the Disorder
Left untreated, schizophrenia with paranoia can become debilitating. The appearance or reappearance of symptoms can be frightening for patients and leave them feeling depressed and overwhelmed.
There are several different ways in which the disorder can be treated. However, whatever the method used, treatment should continue after the symptoms disappear or there is a strong possibility that the symptoms will reappear.
Various medications can be used in the successful treatment of schizophrenia. Apart from antipsychotics that can help minimise delusions and hallucinations, treatment may also include mood stabilisers, antidepressants, and anti-anxiety drugs.
One of the most common misconceptions about the disorder is that schizophrenic patients are a violent menace to others. This is not true. In the case of severe symptoms, most patients have posed the greatest threat to themselves. Hospitalisation can help protect patients, and it can ensure that they establish a routine of taking their medication.
The third type of treatment that can help patients with schizophrenia with paranoia is psychosocial. This may include counselling and psychotherapy, as well as a support group.